There is an article at TInd by Simon Calder which offers tips to travellers to avoid getting scammed. It's the standard fare and offers little new to the seasoned tourist. What is far more interesting and offering better advice (mostly) is from one of the replies to the piece. Fool Britannia put some time into their post and while I do not agree with some of the pointers, it's well worth a read:
If you don't know your travel vendor, you are at risk.
ALWAYS use a Real Live Travel Agent, preferably near where you live. If you have a problem they are close at hand rather than hundreds or thousands of miles away. And they can insurance to protect you from any errors they make.
Don't buy insurance from the travel provider - how many tour companies have gone broke simultaneously with their insurer? You don't have enough fingers and toes to count them.
Don't fly with dodgy carriers who have financial troubles, such as Monarch, etc.
Always pay with plastic - additional insurance and they usually don't pay carriers for 3-4 months. Easy to stop your money.
Cut out any advertisements you relied on, keep all the documents, etc until your travel is completed. If they send you e-tickets, keep that safe in your e-mail server in case you need it.
Scan your passport and any visas and e-mail them to yourself - and leave it sitting there in case the real thing gets lost.
Only accept lower denomination notes of currencies you don't know intimately - they rarely forge low value money.
Only use websites with .GOV in their URL - most others are fakes - when applying for documentation. Remember, the data you give the bad guys can be used for fraud and impersonation.
If you have special needs, contact the carrier three or so days before travel and make sure you ask for operators name/number or or other ID. Call centres record their calls.
If you are journeying to a specific country, you can save money by going to an travel agent of that ethnicity and asking if they have 'contracts' for it. A contract is a method airlines get around certain price control rules of the industry.
If you have to submit a complaint, send it registered mail. If you don't get a response file a Small Claims court process NAMING EVERY ONE.
When BA's "Pound Saver" owed me money as a result of a judgement I had the 'sheriff', a court officer, impound one of their aircraft. They offered me a cheque, I said C.A.S.H. They paid me, in CASH, around midnight - 5 hours after their scheduled take off.