Wednesday, 30 September 2015

C & H

Calvin and Hobbes


Enzo Ferrari told a man "You may be able to drive a tractor but you will never be able to handle a Ferrari properly."  The man was so angry that he vowed to create the perfect car. 

His name was Ferruccio Lamborghini.

Double Figures

UK is the world's tenth most competitive country, says WEF

Britain has slipped to 10th in an influential global competitiveness index after being overtaken by Sweden.

The World Economic Forum thinktank said that Britain has slipped one place to rank as the 10th most competitive economy in the world, with Switzerland and Singapore topping the table.

The WEF argued that the UK’s weaknesses include the fragile state of the public finances and the difficulty for firms of obtaining loans — a common complaint from business lobby groups.

However, it praised the UK’s strong scientific research base, the quality of collaboration between businesses and universities, and its openness to the rest of the global economy.

More at TG

Now That's a Proposal

Full story at Metro

Justin, aka Redditor justinlebon26, posted pictures of his epic Monopoly board proposal to girlfriend Michal on Imgur over the weekend and the old-school romantic has the whole internet swooning.

(Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

Justin actually proposed last Christmas Day but said he was posting the pictures now because he ‘just wanted to share how well it turned out’.

He explains that he chose a Monopoly board proposal because it’s girlfriend Michal’s favourite game. However, the board they usually played with was missing pieces and out of date, so he decided to make his own.

Every place on the custom-made board was special to the couple – the First Street Ale House was where they went on their first date, Lake Arlington is their favourite Californian getaway, and was where they met.

(Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

The board was carved by friend Mark Becker (he’s on Etsy in case anyone’s interested – hint) on old redwood from an early 1900s ice box, while Justin made all the property cards himself on Excel.

(Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

Even the dice were custom-made – one had all 3s and the other had all 4s. Because Michal needed to roll a seven to land on Chance.

(Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

When she picked up the Chance card, it read ‘Will you marry me? If yes, advance to Luxury Tax’.

(Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

Michal quickly advanced to Luxury Tax where Justin got down on one knee and, he writes, ‘poured my heart out’.

Thankfully after all that effort, Michal said yes. Which is when Justin popped open a secret trap door under the Luxury Tax square and produced a diamond ring. Yes, that’s a secret trap door AND a diamond ring. This might just be the best proposal ever.

Don’t worry, that’s the key, not the ring (Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

‘It took a lot of planning, but I enjoyed every second of it. I’ll never forget that day,’ Justin concludes.

(Picture: justinlebon26/Imgur)

BK Wine? Apparently

They're All Miserable Now

The Annual Labour Party Conference has morphed into a Morrissey gig.
The change occurred halfway through Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell’s speech, where he claimed “a new world is possible” and promised to put an end to austerity.
“That’s when the lights went out” said Labour party member, Simon Williams.
“Then when they came back on again, Morrissey was stood there and started singing about debts we couldn’t pay, and how ‘I Know It’s Gonna Happen Someday’.”
“It took most of us a good twenty minutes to realise it wasn’t still John McDonnell.”
Morrissey’s presence at the event has yet to be explained, much like his popularity.
“I suppose, like the rest of us, he wants to see a change” said Labour supporter, Eleanor Joyce
“At least I assume that’s what he meant when he sang about renationalising the railway.”
“Hang on, that was Jeremy, wasn’t it? It’s so confusing, he has such a melodic speaking voice and Mr. Morrissey sings like he’s talking.”
A similar phenomenon occurred at the UKIP conference in 2014, where Nigel Farage became possessed by the ghost of Bernard Manning, although absolutely nobody noticed.

DIY The Real Thing

Alchohol is used to extract the flavours from the ingredients to create the "7X" flavour, then they’re added to a mix of Coca Cola’s more widely known ingredients.   On the can, they’re just listed as Vegetable extracts.


Citrate Caffeine 1 oz.

Extract Vanilla 1 oz.

Flavouring 2.5 oz (detailed below)

F.E. Coco 4 oz

Citric Acid 3 oz

Lime Juice 1 quart

Sugar 30lbs

Water 2.5 Gallons

Caramel sufficient

Favourings - known as 7X

Oil Orange 80

Oil Lemon 120

Oil Nutmeg 40

Oil Cinnamon 40

Oil Coriander 20

Oil Neroli 40

Alcohol 1 quart (let stand for 24 hours)


On Me 'Ead, Son


Why doesn’t oil and water mix?
olive-oil-in-waterMade of different elements, and with distinct structures, densities and even dissimilar polarities, it’s no wonder oil and water don’t get along. They can be forced to cooperate, however, and there are several examples of this that are likely currently sitting in your pantry or refrigerator. But why don’t oil and water normally mix?
Water (H20) is a stubby molecule with a slightly positive charge on the hydrogen (H) end, and a slightly negative charge on the oxygen (O) end (the oxygen atom actually “steals” electrons from the hydrogen atoms). Called a polar molecule, the negative poles on each water molecule are attracted to the positive poles on other water molecules, and as a result, they knit tightly together with hydrogen bonds.
In fact, oil floats on water because it is less dense, with these super-tight hydrogen bonds between water molecules holding them closer together than the bonds between the fatty-acid molecules that primarily make up oil.
As for oil, it is a non-polar chemical. Since the atoms in the fatty acids in oil share their electrons nicely, they (usually) have no charge, or at least not enough to make the whole molecule polar. Given their lack of positive or negative charge, they are not attracted to a polar molecule like water. Given that oil essentially “repels” the water, it is called hydrophobic or “water fearing,” as opposed to hydrophilic or “water loving.” As such, eventually all the lipophilic or “fat loving” oil molecules will join together floating on top of the water.
However, although they seem determined to stay apart, it is possible to mix oil and water in a more or less stable solution, and there are several examples of this in your kitchen. One of the more common examples where this occurs is in salad dressing.
To get the two main ingredients, vinegar (essentially water with acetic acid) and oil, to combine and stay that way for some amount of time involves two steps: breaking the oil into tiny droplets so it can be evenly dispersed throughout the mixture, and adding a mediator, called an emulsifier. The end solution is then known as emulsion.
Different emulsifiers work in different ways. Some, like lecithin (found in egg yolks), have both a hydrophobic end (that oil likes) and a hydrophilic end (that water likes); thus capable of bonding with both oil and water. So, as long as the oil droplets are sufficiently tiny and thoroughly dispersed (and enough emulsifier is used) the combination of oil and vinegar will remain as a relatively stable blend or emulsion.
On the other hand, an emulsifier like tomato paste has protein molecules that more or less coat the oil droplets and prevent them from bonding together, keeping them relatively well dispersed in the water. While it gets there differently, when well mixed, the end result is about the same.
So, when making a typical dressing, you first mix together the emulsifier (or emulsifiers) and the vinegar, and then slowly add a thin stream of oil while whisking or blending vigorously and constantly. Between the thin stream and determined whisking, the oil will be broken into tiny drops and dispersed; and, since the emulsifier is there to either coat the oil or bind it to the vinegar, it will remain suspended in the mixture for a good deal of time.

It's Only Fair

Martian authorities have issued an immediate hosepipe ban after confirmation of the existence of flowing water on the Red Planet.
The newly formed Martian Water Board have responded swiftly to the news, insisting a hosepipe ban is the only way to conserve the meagre amounts of water still left on Mars.
Martian, Holag Zag, was disappointed the newly discovered resource was being restricted so soon.
“We are still in spring, and no sooner has water been found than we have been banned from hosing down the flying saucer on a Sunday,” he told us.
“I mean, my garden hasn’t been watered for millions of years and now I’m expected to refresh it using a bucket or a basin – it is simply unacceptable.”
Neighbour, Bolag Hag, a far-right sympathiser, was concerned the discovery may lead to an influx of extra-terrestrial foreigners eager to exploit the hitherto dormant water.
“We’re a close knit, some might say, secretive community and newcomers stand out like a sore seventh finger.”
“We can’t afford to have our values eroded by those who haven’t even bothered to learn the language or know who scored the winner for Mars in the 1966 Intergalactic Cup.”
The Martian Water Board were more welcoming of the prospect of intergalactic immigration as a result of the find.
Spokesman, Zalag Galp, said, “We have a serious shortage of plumbers, for obvious reasons.”
“Have Poland entered the space race?”

Dr Death- 3

The Doctor Who Starved Her Patients

The Doctor Who Starved Her Patients
Linda Burfield Hazzard never went to medical school, but—due to a strange loophole in Washington law—she was granted a license to practice medicine in the early 1900s. 

Unfortunately, her personal motto was “fasting cures all ailments." Her solution to every condition was prolonged diets that incorporated little more than tomato and asparagus broths. Hazzard truly believed that fasting would rid the body of all toxins and illnesses.

Unsurprisingly, many of her patients starved to death while in her care. Her first patient died of starvation in 1902, but Hazzard avoided prosecution. She opened a clinic and sanitarium, and 40 more patients died, mostly from starvation (although one patient died from a bullet wound to the head in a criminal case that was never solved). Locals near her Wilderness Heights facility nicknamed it "Starvation Heights" after seeing multiple patients with bones protruding through their skin begging for food. Some weighed 60 pounds or less at the time of their deaths. As if that weren't bad enough, Hazzard robbed many of them, and many others left her generous financial gifts (which are believed to be the result of her husband's forgery skills.)

In 1911, Hazzard was arrested and charged with murder. She argued that the charges were no more than a witch hunt to punish her for being a successful female practitioner. She went on to boast, “They won't hang me. The muscles in my neck are too strong.”

In a way, Hazzard was right. She was only found guilty of manslaughter and was paroled and then pardoned by the governor after only two years of a 20-year sentence. She opened another sanitarium, which was now cleverly called a "school of health" to skirt the law since she lost her medical license. 

For 15 more years, Hazzard prescribed fasting regimens to patients but avoided more legal trouble by performing all of the autopsies herself. The sanitarium burned to the ground in 1935. Three years later, Hazzard died from starvation after undergoing fasting therapy to fight an illness.

Disturbingly, you can still buy her books and fasting is quickly becoming a dangerous new health trend, just as it was 100 years ago. (Source)

The Gynecologist Who Kept a Stash of Liquor at Work

The Gynecologist Who Kept a Stash of Liquor at Work
Christopher Driskill might just be the worst doctor ever.

The New Mexico ob-gyn allegedly kept a stash of liquor at work, constantly drank, casually prescribed drugs, and had sex with his patients. He also abandoned women while they were in labor, including one woman who needed an emergency C-section. In that case, he wasn't present because he was having sex with another patient. According to a later investigation, he had multiple sexual relationships with patients and employees.

But surprisingly Driskill—who was under investigation in 2014—got his license back in 2015 and is now being evaluated for possible sex addiction. (Source 1 | Source 2)

Dr Death- 2

The Serial-Killing Doctor

The Serial-Killing Doctor
Joseph Michael Swango was highly regarded when it came to academics. He was a high school valedictorian, a National Merit Scholarship Finalist and graduated college Summa Cum Laude. He was also a serial killer, who poisoned his co-workers and patients alike. 

During his internship at Ohio State University Medical Center, nurses quickly noticed that seemingly healthy patients mysteriously died. One nurse caught Swango injecting something into a patient who then became ill. When staff alerted hospital administrators as to what they saw, they were written off as being paranoid.

In 1985, Swango was convicted of aggravated battery for poisoning co-workers and sentenced to 5 years, but that was hardly the end of his killing career. After forging a few documents and legally changing his name to Daniel J. Adams, he managed to get a psychiatric residency at the SUNY Stony Brook School of Medicine. Once again, his patients died for no apparent reason. 

When the FBI started closing in on Swango, he fled the country and used forged documents to obtain a position as a physician in Zimbabwe at Mnene Lutheran Mission Hospital. Once again, seemingly healthy patients were dying. He was arrested there, but managed to escape to Namibia where he found more work in medicine. 

Finally, when trying to obtain work at a hospital in Saudi Arabia, he was arrested and extradited to the U.S., where he was charged and convicted of fraud for practicing medicine without a license. While he served his time, the U.S. and Zimbabwean authorities prepared evidence to charge him for the many people he poisoned, which the FBI estimates to be as high as 60. 

Swango pleaded guilty to the murder of 4 people in hopes of avoiding extradition to Zimbabwe. Swango was sentenced to 3 consecutive life terms and is incarcerated at ADX Florence in Florence, Colorado. (Source)

The Gynecologist Who Raped His Patients

The Gynecologist Who Raped His Patients
Just because a doctor is allowed to examine a woman's vagina doesn't mean he's allowed to do whatever he wants to her. But that seems to be what Dr. Charles Momah thought when he took up gynecology. 

Dr. Momah was accused of sexually harassing, molesting, raping and performing unnecessary surgery on as many as 100 patients. Some of the women say that Charles' brother, Dr. Dennis Momah, switched places with him at times to sexually assault his brother's patients as well. 

One patient said Momah performed 13 unnecessary surgeries on her and also raped her. When she said she would contact the police, the doctor left messages on her cell phone saying he would not write her a prescription unless she agreed to have a threesome with him and her sister. He also threatened to hurt her if she reported him. When she contacted police, they did not believe her because she was a drug addict and declined to pursue criminal charges because there was not enough evidence.

When a second woman came forward with the same accusations, police started taking things seriously. Eventually, over 100 patients came forward with allegations of unprofessional conduct, molestation, rape and more. 

Dr. Charles Momah was sentenced to 20 years for his actions, but there was not enough evidence to charge his brother, Dr. Dennis Momah, who still insists he is innocent. (Source 1 | Source 2)

The Doctors Who Refused to Believe a 46-Year-Old Could Be Pregnant

The Doctors Who Refused to Believe a 46-Year-Old Could Be Pregnant
Yes, most women go through menopause sometime during their 40s or 50s, but it's also true that a woman can get pregnant up until that time. 

46-year-old Anita Arora went to her doctor saying that she missed her period for the last five months, suffered from stomach pains and had a gained significant amount weight. Her doctor vehemently insisted that she was merely going through menopause. 

Arora already had two children, so she knew what pregnancy felt like. Despite asking doctors multiple times about the possibility, she was constantly dismissed and never had a pregnancy test. At one point, she was even given an ultrasound to test for gallstones, and somehow doctors still managed to overlook the baby in her uterus. 

During the pregnancy, she was told her to address her weight gain with a low-fat diet and to take ibuprofen to ease her stomach pains, despite the fact that both of these are dangerous for expectant mothers.

Arora demanded a pregnancy test when she was seven months along. After they finally discovered that she was pregnant, they did an ultrasound and discovered a problem with the placenta. She required immediate surgery. The baby, delivered two months early, would have died in the womb had the doctors not recognized the deadly condition exactly when they had. Furthermore, they never would have known there was a problem at all if Arora didn't demand a pregnancy test. (Source)

Dr Death- 1

The Doctor That Ran His Own Private "Murder Castle"

The Doctor That Ran His Own Private 'Murder Castle'
One of America's most famous and most prolific serial killers was a doctor. Herman Webster Mudgett, better known by the alias H.H. Holmes, is said to have killed anywhere from 27 to 200 people in his legendarily "Murder Castle."

Holmes financed his education by taking out life insurance claims, dismembering corpses from his medical school's laboratory and presenting the bodies as proof that the (non-existent) persons listed in the policies had died. If that were all Holmes did, it would make him a tricky con man, but he most certainly deserves a place in history for other more nefarious activities. 

In 1886, Holmes moved to Chicago and constructed a 3-story mansion that spanned an entire city block. The structure was built with his evil plans in mind—it came complete with mazes, traps, secret rooms, and doors that only opened from the outside. The most disturbing of all rooms was the massive basement, which was equipped with medical instruments, acid-filled pits, poisons, massive furnaces and torture devices. From his bedroom, Holmes controlled gas pipes that led up from the basement to specific rooms so he could render his victims unconscious. To make sure the builders never caught on, he used multiple companies, so he was the only one who knew the intricate details and scope of his murder mansion.

Most of his early victims were lured into the home with promises of employment, but only after these future "employees" took out life insurance policies naming Holmes as the beneficiary. In 1893, he opened his home as a hotel, offering cheap rates for young tourists visiting the World's Fair. The lucky victims died from asphyxiation, but those who were not so lucky were still alive when Holmes tested out his torture devices. The mad doctor even made money from his kills, selling skeletons and organs to medical schools.

When he was finally caught (years after he left Chicago), Holmes' murder castle was searched, and police were shocked to discover the house of horrors within. They couldn't correctly estimate the number of victims because the bodies had been so badly dismembered. The crazed doctor confessed to killing 27 people in his lifetime, but experts think that number is much, much higher. He was hanged on May 7, 1896. (Source)

The Doctor Who Intentionally Got Patients Addicted to Drugs

The Doctor Who Intentionally Got Patients Addicted to Drugs
Prescription drug addiction is a huge problem in the medical industry, and that problem isn't made easier when doctors realize they can get rich by getting their patients addicted. 

Pain management physician Mladen Antolic had access to controlled substances ranging from Schedules II through V, which means he could write prescriptions for cocaine, morphine, oxycodone, and methamphetamines. It wasn't long before he realized this gave him a lot of power, which he could exploit for both money and sex.

Antolic prescribed addictive drugs to young, attractive women without explaining their risks (and often without a legitimate reason to prescribe them.) Not long after that, his patients were hooked, leaving Antolic in a position to satisfy their cravings. He invited them to lavish parties where he would give them drugs for sexual favors. 

Eventually, someone sent an anonymous letter to the DEA accusing the doctor of running a "pill mill." As the investigation unfolded, authorities soon discovered that Antolic wasn't just prescribing pills like candy, but also distributing them from his house for money and sex. He was arrested on over a dozen charges in 2010, and his medical license was suspended. 

Despite facing up to 156 years for his crimes, Antolic was able to secure a plea bargain that allowed him to get away with only ten years in prison. (Source)

The Doctor Who Misdiagnosed Over 550 People With Cancer

The Doctor Who Misdiagnosed Over 550 People With Cancer
Prescribing unnecessary drugs to patients is always unethical and dangerous, but when those medications are notoriously difficult to take (like chemotherapy), it's beyond terrible. 

Dr. Farid Fata intentionally misdiagnosed patients with cancer and needlessly treated over 550 people solely to rake in the cash. Many of his patients never had the disease, and even those who had some form of it rarely required the extreme treatments they received. 

“None of the tumors were helped — they increased in number, they increased in size,” one of his patients stated. “I believe Dr. Fata knowingly and purposely treated me for the wrong cancer and gave me the wrong chemotherapy.”

Eventually, Dr. Fata pleaded guilty to multiple criminal charges, forfeiting over $17.6 million he took from insurance companies and Medicare. He is expected to serve at least 34 years of his 45-year sentence. (Source)


True Life Hero

I doubt I will ever watch this, but an excellent movie all the same.

In 1993, Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List brought to the screen a story that had gone untold since the tragic events of the Holocaust. Oskar Schindler, a Nazi party member, used his pull within the party to save the lives of over 1000 Jews by recruiting them to work in his Polish factory. Here are some facts about Spielberg’s groundbreaking film.


In October 1980, Australian author Keneally had stopped into a leather goods shop off of Rodeo Drive after a book tour stopover from a film festival in Sorrento, Italy, where one of his books was adapted into a movie. When the owner of the shop, Leopold Page, learned that Keneally was a writer, he began telling him “the greatest story of humanity man to man.” That story was how Page, his wife, and thousands of other Jews were saved by a Nazi factory owner named Oskar Schindler during World War II.
Page gave Keneally photocopies of documents related to Schindler, including speeches, firsthand accounts, testimonies, and the actual list of names of the people he saved. It inspired Keneally to write the book Schindler’s Arkon which the movie is based. Page (whose real name was Poldek Pfefferberg) ended up becoming a consultant on the film.


The film rights to Page’s story were actually first purchased by MGM for $50,000 in the 1960s after Page had similarly ambushed the wife of film producer Marvin Gosch at his leather shop. Mrs. Gosch told the story to her husband, who agreed to produce a film version, even going so far as hiring Casablanca co-screenwriter Howard Koch to write the script. Koch and Gosch began interviewing Schindler Jews in and around the Los Angeles area, and even Schindler himself, before the project stalled, leaving the story unknown to the public at large.


Seven lists in all were made by Oskar Schindler and his associates during the war, while four are known to still exist. Two are at the Yad Vashem in Israel, one is at the US Holocaust Museum in Washington, DC, and one privately owned list was unsuccessfully auctioned off via eBay in 2013.
The movie refers to the first two lists created in 1944, otherwise known as “The Lists of Life.” The five subsequent lists were updates to the first two versions, which included the names of more than 1000 Jews who Schindler saved by recruiting them to work in his factory.


MCA/Universal President Sid Sheinberg, a father figure to Spielberg, gave the directorKeneally’s book when it was first published in 1982, to which Spielberg allegedly replied, “It’ll make a helluva story. Is it true?”
Eventually the studio bought the rights to the book, and when Page met with Spielberg to discuss the story, the director promised the Holocaust survivor that he would make the film adaptation within 10 years. The project languished for over a decade because Spielberg was reluctant to take on such serious subject matter. Spielberg’s hesitation actually stopped Hollywood veteran Billy Wilder from making Schindler’s List his final film. Wilder tried to buy the rights to Keneally’s book, but Spielberg and MCA/Universal scooped them up before he could.


Though Spielberg is already an extremely wealthy man as a result of the many big-budget movies that have made him one of Hollywood’s most successful directors, he decided that a story as important as Schindler’s List shouldn’t be made with an eye toward financial reward. The director relinquished his salary for the movie and any proceeds he would stand to make in perpetuity, calling any such personal gains “blood money.” Instead, Spielberg used the film’s profits to found the Shoah Foundation, which was established to honor and remember the survivors of the Holocaust by collecting personal recollections and audio visual interviews.


Part of Spielberg’s reluctance to make the movie was that he didn’t feel that he was prepared or mature enough to tackle a film about the Holocaust. So he tried to recruit other directors to make the film. He first approached director Roman Polanski, a Holocaust survivor whose own mother was killed in Auschwitz. Polanski declined, but would go on to make his own film about the Holocaust, The Pianistwhich earned him a Best Director Oscar in 2003. Spielberg then offered the movie to director Sydney Pollack, who also passed.
The job was then offered to legendary filmmaker Martin Scorsese, who accepted. Scorsese was set to put the film into production when Spielberg had an epiphany on the set of the revisionist Peter Pan story Hook and realized that he was finally prepared to make Schindler’s List. To make up for the change of heart, Spielberg traded Scorsese the rights to a movie he’d been developing that Scorsese would make into his next film: the remake of Cape Fear.


When Spielberg finally decided to make Schindler’s Listit had taken him so long that Sheinberg and Universal balked. The relatively low-budget $23 million three-hour black-and-white Holocaust movie was too much of a risk, so they asked Spielberg to make another project that had been brewing at the studio: Jurassic ParkMake the lucrative summer movie first, they said, and then he could go and make his passion project. Spielberg agreed, and both movies were released in 1993; Jurassic Park in June and Schindler’s List in December.


Kevin Costner and Mel Gibson auditioned for the role of Oskar Schindler, and actor Warren Beatty was far enough along in the process that he even made it as far as a script reading. Butaccording to Spielberg, Beatty was dropped because, “Warren would have played it like Oskar Schindler through Warren Beatty.”
For the role, Spielberg cast the then relatively unknown Irish actor Liam Neeson, whom the director had seen in a Broadway play called Anna Christie“Liam was the closest in my experience of what Schindler was like,” Spielberg told The New York Times. “His charm, the way women love him, his strength. He actually looks a little bit like Schindler, the same height, although Schindler was a rotund man,” he said. “If I had made the movie in 1964, I would have cast Gert Frobe, the late German actor. That’s what he looked like.”
Besides having Neeson listen to recordings of Schindler, the director also told him to study the gestures of former Time Warner chairman Steven J. Ross, another of Spielberg’s mentors, and the man to whom he dedicated the film.


In order to gain a more personal perspective on the film, the director traveled to Poland before principal photography began to interview Holocaust survivors and visit the real-life locations that he planned to portray in the movie. In Poland, he visited the former Gestapo headquarters on Pomorska Street, Schindler’s actual apartment, and Amon Goeth’s villa.
Eventually the film shot on location for 92 days in Poland by recreating the Płaszów camp in a nearby abandoned rock quarry. The production was also allowed to shoot scenes outside the gates of Auschwitz.


A symbol of innocence in the movie, the little girl in the red coat who appears during the liquidation of the ghetto in the movie was based on a real person. In the film, the little girl is played by actress Oliwia Dabrowska, who—at the age of three—promised Spielberg that she would not watch the film until she was 18 years old. She allegedly watched the movie when she was 11, breaking her promise, and spent years rejecting the experience. Later, she toldthe Daily Mail, “I realized I had been part of something I could be proud of. Spielberg was right: I had to grow up to watch the film.”
The actual girl in the red coat was named Roma Ligocka; a survivor of the Krakow ghetto, she was known amongst the Jews living there by her red winter coat. Ligocka, now a painter who lives in Germany, later wrote a biography about surviving the Holocaust called The Girl in the Red Coat.


For a better sense of reality, Spielberg originally wanted to shoot the movie completely in Polish and German using subtitles, but he eventually decided against it because he felt that it would take away from the urgency and importance of the images onscreen. According to Spielberg, “I wanted people to watch the images, not read the subtitles. There’s too much safety in reading. It would have been an excuse to take their eyes off the screen and watch something else.”


The only person at MCA/Universal who agreed with Spielberg and director of cinematography Janusz Kaminski’s decision to shoot the movie in black and white was CEO Sheinberg. Everyone else lobbied against the idea, saying that it would stylize the Holocaust. Spielberg and Kaminski chose to shoot the film in a grimy, unstylish fashion and format inspired by German Expressionist and Italian Neorealist films. Also, according to Spielberg, “It’s entirely appropriate because I’ve only experienced the Holocaust through other people’s testimonies and through archival footage which is, of course, all in black and white.”


Schindler’s List was the big winner at the 66th Academy Awards. The film won a total of sevenOscars, including Best Picture and Best Director awards for Spielberg. Neeson and Ralph Fiennes were both nominated for their performances, and the film also received nods for Costume Design, Makeup, and Sound.


Thirty-three years after dropping out of college, Steven Spielberg finally received a B.A. in Film and Video Production from his newly minted alma mater, Cal State Long Beach, in 2002. The director re-enrolled in secret, and gained his remaining credits by writing essays and submitting projects under a pseudonym. In order to pass a film course, he submittedSchindler’s List as his student project. Spielberg describes the time gap between leaving school and earning his degree as his “longest post-production schedule.”
Additional Sources:
The Making of Schindler’s List: Behind the Scenes of an Epic Film, by Franciszek Palowski